2.5 billion people on the planet - one out of three - don’t have access to a toilet. The consequences of which are dire.
1.4 million children - one every 17 seconds - die every year from a lack of sanitation, unclean water and poor hygiene. It is a significant factor in spreading infectious diseases such as E. coli and salmonella.
Solving the root of the cause and preventing further repercussions, the answer is simple: toilets, hand washing and education.
Those Who Give A Shit & Are Doing Something About It:
1. By organising hackathons, campaigns and chapters, non-profit Toilet Hackers, are building a network of 10 million toilets in 10 years; to save lives, create jobs and transform communities.
2. New York and Mumbai-based Indian architect Makrand Bhoot, noticed that toilets are often given low priority in disaster reconstructions. In the aftermath of natural disasters in Haiti and India, he has helped build sanitation systems, such as those that use bio gas plants.
3. Noting that people have more access to mobile phones than toilets, community change-makers site GOOD, created a mobile campaign to increase awareness and allow users to donate to Water for People, an organisation that works to ensure everyone has access to safe water.
4. A slightly more fancy take, is the self-funded, automated public toilet designed by technology research company, Eram Scientific Solutions and backed by the Gates Foundation. Currently installed in India, its systems conserve water and energy, and is monitored using GPS controls.